Forex Quotation - price of the currency in another currency

Currency Exchange Rates

I'm confused by how currency pairs are stated, in the CFA curriculum it's stated as USD/EUR 1.42 with EUR as base currency and this implies for every EUR you can buy 1.42 dollars.
In a foreign currency quotation we have the price of one currency in units of another currency. These are often referred to as the base currency and the price currency. In the quotation 1.25 USD/EUR, the USD is the price currency and the EUR is the base currency. The price of one euro (base currency) is 1.25 USD (the price currency) so 1.25 is the price of one unit of the base currency in terms of the other. It may help to remember that the euro in this example is in the bottom or “base” of the exchange rate given in terms of USD/EUR.
However on Investopedia it's stated as USD/JPY 113.54 with USD apparently as base currency, which implies for every USD you can buy 113.54 JPY.
I know this is just a matter of choosing which base currency, however this seems very ambigious. Why does CFA choose the second currency in the pair to be the base currency and almost every other source the first currency?
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Elliott Waves Series Part 2 - The Broad Concept

Elliott Waves Series Part 2 - The Broad ConceptYou can find Part 1 here: https://www.reddit.com/Forex/comments/hieuyw/introduction_to_elliott_wave_theory_overview_of/
The primary value that the Wave Principle (from here on out, abbreviated to WP) confers on market analysts is the ability to provide context for market behaviour. Having context is incredibly important. To put it simply, the WP can be thought of as a compass. Whenever you feel lost looking at a chart (ANY chart, ANY market!), the WP will help get you back on track.
Clearing Up Some Misconceptions About Elliott Wave Theory:

  1. R.N. Elliott first discovered the WP in the 1930s using charts of the stock market. Many misinformed people believe that the WP works “best” on stocks and has been adapted for use in other markets. This is simply false. To be clear - Elliott discovered the WP. He did not invent the WP. The WP is based on human social nature and therefore it cannot be invented. It has always existed. What Elliott did was to start codifying rules and guidelines around how human social nature can be charted. Ultimately, Elliott’s objective was to be able to predict future human behaviour using the historical record. The expression of human social nature generates forms and patterns. As these forms and patterns repetitive, they have enormous predictive value.

  1. Another major misconception around the WP is that it requires a lot of discretionary analysis, and more often than not, analysts shoehorn price action to fit the Elliott Wave model. In fact, the WP has very clear rules (these rules are inviolate under any circumstance) and guidelines (these guidelines should be adhered to almost 100% of the time). While there is a discretionary element involved in counting waves, properly trained wave analysts will ultimately arrive at a consensus because following the rules and guidelines narrows the possible wave counts very quickly. Very often Wave analysts will have 2 counts at hand in terms of where they think the market is presently situated. These counts are known as the preferred count and the alternative count. These counts are validated and invalidated using price levels derived from Elliott’s rules and guidelines. The most dissent I expect from two educated Wave analysts is that one analyst’s preferred count could be the other’s alternative count. This dissent quickly resolves itself as the price action develops and validates or invalidates one count or the other. This dissent usually occurs based on wave patterns of one higher degree. It is very rare that I have seen dissent on immediate market movements.

  1. I didn’t know this was a major misconception, but someone brought this up in my first post, “I stated that Elliott Theory has better success when working in consolidations or extreme ranging markets.” This is completely false. The WP doesn’t work better or worse regardless of the market or the market conditions. That would be like saying that breathing air only works occasionally. The WP is NOT a strategy, it is the definitive model for charting human herding behaviour. Human behaviour does not show up only in periods of consolidation or range-bound markets. The markets are themselves driven by human behaviour, therefore the WP is always equally applicable. From a trading perspective, the WP is perfectly suited to capturing trends.

  1. Well, what about news events? What about supply and demand theory? What about fundamentals?! Doesn’t any of this stuff matter?? In short, the answer is no. I have previously stated that I am a macro-based investor. This is certainly true. Much of the research I consume has to do with market fundamentals and global-macro analysis. This research helps me form a view that I can overlay with the WP. From a trading perspective, when it comes to actually pulling triggers and taking positions, my decisions are always guided first and foremost by the WP. Here is a fantastic quotation from Bob Prechter on this topic, “Sometimes the market appears to reflect outside conditions and events, but at other times it is entirely detached from what most people assume are causal conditions. The reason is that the market has a law of its own. It is not propelled by the external causality to which one becomes accustomed in the everyday experiences of life. The path of prices is not a product of news. Nor is the market the cyclically rhythmic machine that some declare it to be. Its movement reflects a repetition of forms that is independent both of presumed causal events and of periodicity.”
The Bottom Line:
Elliott Wave Theory is the best forecasting tool in existence. It has determined that the market’s progression unfolds in waves. Waves can be thought of as patterns that carry the market in a direction. There are a fixed number of the different kinds of patterns these waves can take. If you really boil this down to its essence, successfully applying the WP is as simple as identifying what kind of wave the market is currently in.
I will end this now. The next part will deal with the overriding wave structure that the market is in, the different kinds of waves we will see, and why this wave structure exists in the first place.
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Cryptocurrency price analysis: waiting for a new rise

Cryptocurrency price analysis: waiting for a new rise

https://preview.redd.it/2bx1unugrpv31.png?width=900&format=png&auto=webp&s=7d5d842ae15e44eb592010bbf6c985cd519e0433
Leading RoboForex analyst Dmitry Gurkovsky tells about further possible scenarios of bitcoin price movement and several popular altcoins.
Buyers managed to show a good rebound up. At the moment, assets such as bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash look very interesting in the context of continued growth. Moreover, if the BCH/USD chart shows the formation of a reversal pattern inverted "Head and shoulders" in favor of growth, then BTC is still preparing to leave the channel and continue a confident upward movement.
Unfortunately, Ethereum, Litecoin and EOS assets are still under pressure. There are several signals from the daily charts in favor of a downward movement. However, if the bulls manage to break through the nearest resistance levels, then these assets will be ready to move to a phase of sustainable growth.
In General, the cryptocurrency market looks ready for the beginning of a new wave of growth. The bulls can only hold the current levels and rise a little higher to deprive the bears of all chances to continue the downward correction.

Bitcoin

Quotes showed an aggressive rebound from the support level. However, the price tested resistance in the form of a downtrend near the $9800 area. For a full extension of the lifting by the buyer it is important to "push out" rates are even higher.
A good signal in favor of the likely continuation of growth is the breakdown of the downward trend line on the RSI indicator. In most cases, there is a return to the broken line, after which we should expect continued growth. As the main trading idea, you can take a slight correction to the level of $7700, after which you can talk about a rebound and an upward movement.
The cancellation of this option would be the drop in prices of digital asset below $6875, which indicates a breakout of the lower border of the channel and continue falling.
Daily BTC/USD chart from TradingView
On the 4-hour chart, cryptocurrency quotes were able to leave the limits of the short-term downward channel. This signal is the first sign of a potential reversal of the current downward correction. However, confirmation of the completion of the fall will be a strong growth with a consolidation above the level of $10,995, which will indicate an exit beyond the downward channel. In this case, the target of the movement will be the $12,405 area.
The RSI indicator values again pushed off from the resistance level, so we should expect a decrease and a test of the broken channel border. After this movement, we can talk about the beginning of growth to the target at $10,995.

Four-hour BTC/USD chart from TradingView

Ethereum

Ethereum buyers also managed to keep quotes in the support area, which is located at $147. At the moment, the price has once again returned to the area between the moving averages, which may provoke an attempt to further decline.
In favor of this option is a rebound from the downward resistance line on the RSI indicator. As the main idea, we should expect a rebound from the lower border of the ascending channel and a continuation of the fall to the first target at $147. Its breakdown will open the way for the movement of quotations to the level of $100. The cancellation of the negative option will be the breakdown of the Moving averages and the consolidation of ETH/USB above the level of $239. In this case, we can talk about the continuation of the rise to the goal at $280.
Daily EUUSD chart from TradingView
On the 4-hour chart, the quotes are clamped within the descending channel. The RSI indicator values again test the resistance line, so we should expect a rebound and a fall in the quotes of the digital asset to the level of $150. In favor of this option, the upper limit of the descending channel will also be tested. The cancellation of the proposed forecast will be the breakdown of the resistance level and consolidation above $202, which will indicate the exit of quotations beyond the ascending channel. In this case, the goal of the rise will be the level of $239.
Four-hour EUUSD chart from TradingView

Litecoin

On the daily chart, the RSI indicator values test the resistance line. It is premature to talk about a reversal — as we can see, the pressure from the sellers remains. Moving averages also indicate a bearish trend. There are risks to see a rebound from the resistance level and another attempt to fall to the level of $41.
The cancellation of the negative option for the bulls will be a strong growth with a breakdown of the level of $79, which will indicate the return of quotes inside the ascending channel and the continuation of the rise to the first target at $107.
Daily LTC/USD chart from TradingView
At smaller time intervals Litecoin tests the upper boundary of the descending channel. As you can see, prices are repelled from the level of $64. The RSI indicator values here also tested the resistance line. As the main option, we should expect a fall to the level of $41. The cancellation of such a scenario will be the breakdown of the upper border of the descending channel. In this case, the growth target should be considered the $79 area.
TradingView's four-hour LTC/USD chart

EOS

EOS buyers are trying to turn the tide in favor of growth. However, here on the daily chart, the RSI indicator values test the resistance line. Previously, we have already seen a rebound from it, so while the values are lower, we should expect a fall in quotations.
The immediate target of the decline may be the area at the level of $2, the breakdown of which will indicate a movement to the level of $1.45. The cancellation of the option with a decrease will be a strong rise in the value of EOS and the consolidation of the asset price above the level of $4.29, which will also provoke a breakdown of the resistance line by the values of the RSI indicator. In this case, the growth target may be the $5.35 area.
Daily EUUSD chart from TradingView
At small time intervals, the quotes pushed off from the upper border of the descending channel. If the bears manage to increase the pressure, the $2.06 and $1.45 levels may be the target of the fall. In favor of this option, the resistance line test on the RSI indicator also speaks.
Confirmation of the fall will be the consolidation of EOS quotes under the level of $2.97. The cancellation of this scenario will be the breakdown of the upper border of the descending channel. In this case, the growth target will be $4.29 and $5.35.
Four-hour EUUSD chart from TradingView

Bitcoin Cash

On the daily chart, buyers managed to break through the downtrend line. The value of the RSI indicator has also strengthened above the resistance line. All these signals point to a potential continuation of growth towards the first target at $355. The breakdown of this area will give impetus to the movement to the level of $457.
However, we should not exclude the development of a minor correction with the test of a broken trend line on the RSI indicator. The target of the correction may be the $245 area. The cancellation of the option with growth will be the fall and breakdown of the local minimum with the consolidation of quotations under the level of $200. In this case, we should expect a decline in the price to the level of $165.45.
Daily BCH/USD chart from TradingView
On the 4-hour chart, the quotes also fixed above the short-term descending channel. It is not necessary to exclude attempts of formation of the inverted model "Head and shoulders". As you can see, the price is enough to fall to the level of $245 to complete the formation of the right" shoulder " of the model, after which we should expect the beginning of a strong growth.
A good signal for the continuation of the rise will be the consolidation of the price above the level of $335.2. Cancellation option growth will drop and the breakdown of support level with closing prices below the level of $199, which is expected to continue falling.
TradingView's four-hour BCH/USD chart
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Starting Forex Trading In 3 Steps

Forex Trading is accessible to all but the question is, how many can continue making profits? People who think of forex trading to be some kind of a gamble are making a big mistake. Forex trading is not based even on 1% luck but totally on the supply and demand, the laws of economics. To be able to work as a professional forex trader it is essential for you to have the understanding of these laws, know forex trading related jargon, and have the basic knowledge of the process of trading in the currency market.
Step 1 To Start Forex Trade - Start Learning The Theory
Starting forex trade without theoretical knowledge can make you feel exactly like finding a needle in a pitch dark room. To make yourself aware of the theory of forex trading you can read books, online articles to teach you the basics, take help from forex trader friends, etc. This can help you but this knowledge can have loopholes. You can have difficulty to understand the implementation of things if you try to learn these things by yourself. The best way to learn these things without consuming a major part of your precious time is by learning from a qualified mentor.
You should know how to choose the right mentor. If you do not do so, you might be paying the fee to an imposter. To see if your mentor is worth the deal, see his performance on his live trades and how the other students are performing. A real deal mentor will never hesitate in showing his performance and the results of the majority of the students will show regular growth. A good mentor only will be able to help you achieve the desired results.
Step 2 To Start Forex Trade - Try And Perfect Your Learning By Trading On A Demo Account
To have the experience that allows you to do things smoothly as a pro forex trader, you should practice your skills on the demo account. The demo accounts are the same as the real accounts. The quotation flows and the trading terms are exact in both. The difference in both is just of the real and virtual money. You have no risk of losing the real money. So in case even if you lose in a trade on the demo account, you do not lose real money, instead, you get a chance to work on your plan and understand where you went wrong.
While you are working on a demo account, it is recommended that you trade regularly. You should see this as training for you to enter in the real trade. The more mistakes you make, the more are your chances of improving them and learning new things. By following this advice you will be able to learn the various kinds of situations that you will have to face in the forex market.
Step 3 To Start Forex Trade - Start Your Real Trading Account
After you are confident about your knowledge about forex trading, you will have to start trading on a real account. Trading on the demo account for a while makes you acquainted with the situations of the market. Though you cannot assume your performance here just based on your demo account’s performance. When real money is at stake the psychology changes for sure. You become more cautious about taking even the smallest of the decisions. To gain confidence here do not start with a big investment. Move towards bigger profits with a slow but steady pace. Also, be ready for a loss at times. Do not get emotionally unbalanced with a loss or even with a win. Both wins and losses are a part of forex trading. The more balanced mindset you have, the better are your chances of being a pro forex trader. Combine a stable mindset with strategies and basics and also keep developing strategies that suit your trading style.
To improve your chances of growth you can start learning forex trade from Hafizzat Rusli. He has developed a forex trading course that has helped various students from different countries. To know more about the trading course and the success stories of Rusli's students, visit https://www.hafizzatrusli.com
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What Is Forex?

What Is Forex?

A New Era

Although it might seem easy to invest in Forex nowadays, by just logging into an account with a broker, deposit some money and start actively trading; it has not always been like this, as forex industry has rapidly changed in the past three decades.
Before technology and free-floating currencies took over the industry, world currency exchanges were operating under the Bretton Woods System of Money Management. This agreement established rules for commercial and financial relations among top economies, tying their currencies to gold. Hence, a currency note issued by any world government represented a real amount of gold held in a vault by that nation. When in July 1944 delegates from all over the world sign off the pact, the main goal was to reduce lack of cooperation between countries and therefore avoiding currency wars. This process of regulating the foreign exchange brought to the foundation of the international money fund (IMF) and the International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), today part of World bank Group.
However, in the early 70s the real-world economics outpaced the system, dollar suffered from severe inflation cutting its value by half. At that time unemployment rate was 6.1% and inflation 5.84%. Finally, in August 1971, U.S. government led by Richard Nixon took away gold standard, creating the first fiat currency and replacing Bretton Woods System with De Facto. Together with this there were other important measures taken by the USA president to combat that high inflation regime:
  1. This decision was driven by many European nations asking to redeem their dollars for gold, till leaving Bretton Woods System. This had an enormous impact on USD which plunged against European currencies. Consequently, USA congress release a report suggesting USD devaluation to protect the currency from foreign gougers. However, dollar dropped again, and Treasury Secretary was directed to suspend the USD convertibility with gold; hence foreign governments could no longer exchange their USD with gold.
  2. The inflation level was skyrocketing and one more action taken by Nixon was to freeze all wages and prices for 90 days, this was the first time since WWII.
  3. Import surcharge of 10% was set up to safeguard American products ensuring no disadvantage in trades.
Today, USD dominates financial markets, accounting together with the EURO, for approximately 50% of all currency exchange transactions in the world.
1971 represents the beginning of a new forex trading era, bringing this market to be the largest and most liquid in the world, with an average of daily trading volume exceeding $5trn. All the world’s combined stock markets don t even come close to this, what does this mean to you?
In an environment which is controlled by free-floating currencies moving constantly, following principles of supply and demand, there are constant and exciting trading opportunities, unavailable when investing in different markets.
In this article are shared main features of what is forex trading today and how can be an incredible new source of income for everyone who is into financial markets.

What Is Forex?

Forex is the acronym for foreign exchange which intends to be a decentralized or over the counter (OTC) marketplace, where currencies from all over the world are traded 24 hours, five days a week. Main financial centres include New York, Chicago, London, Tokyo and Frankfurt for Eurozone. It is by far the largest market in the world in terms of volume, followed by the credit market. Being highly liquid is an important feature that allows traders to be able to enter and exit their positions very quickly. Nevertheless, while trading forex, an investor should be aware of several components:
Dynamicity – forex is an extremely fast environment, this means that currency rates can move very fast, influenced by price action signals and fundamental factors. Therefore, going into forex trading, one needs to be aware of adopting serious risk and money management strategies in order to be effective, limiting losses.
Zero Sum Game – trading forex is not like investing in the stock market but is known to be a zero-sum game. For example, going into the equity market buying some tech shares, they could both rise or decrease in value. In forex is different because currencies work in pairs; for instance, an investor decides Euro will go up he or she is doing it against another currency. Thus, in this specific marketplace one currency will rise while the other will fall, meaning an investor is buying the currency hoping it will appreciate to the other, or selling the one that will depreciate.
See image below:
Figure 1: Main traded currency pairs
https://preview.redd.it/vu77ziuoyle31.png?width=574&format=png&auto=webp&s=9b1693bf27508fcb142705c309de1fc5b3e8fa19
Currency pairs are composed by a base and a price currency. Main forex trading principle is how much price currency an investor can buy using 1 unit of the base, thus, the base currency, which is the first one in line within the quotation, is always equal to 1.
Because like every financial instrument currency pairs are driven by fundamentals of supply and demand, forex is intensively influenced by geopolitical and macroeconomic factors.
Capital Markets – these are the most visible indicators of a country economic health, where usually the healthier the economy the stronger the currency. For example, a rapid sell-off from a country will show that nation is not economically stable, subsequently investors will think negatively of it depreciating its currency.
Moreover, many countries are sector driven, this means that their currencies are strictly correlated with certain resources. For instance, Canada which is a commodity-based market, CAD is strictly linked to price of Brent and metals, a swing in those will affect the Canadian currency.
Finally, credit market is also connected to forex since also relies heavily on interest rate so, a change in bond yield will have major impact on currency prices. like increase in yield will favour bullish market for USD
International Trade – Trade levels serve as a proxy for relative demand of goods from a nation, a country which goods and services that are in high demand internationally, will experience an appreciation to its currency. This is an effect driven by all other countries converting their currencies into the one of that state to purchase its goods and services. Let’s say a product from USA is in high demand globally, all the other countries must sell their currencies to buy dollars to then see their goods shipped, thus USD will appreciate.
Trade surplus and deficit also indicate a nation competitive standing in international trade. Countries with a large trade deficit are usually importers resulting in more of their currencies being sold to buy goods worldwide, thus they will see their currencies devaluate.
Geopolitics – The political landscape of a nation places a major role in the economic outlook for that country and consequently, the perceived value of its own currency. Beside building up price action strategies, based purely on price levels, forex traders constantly look at economic calendars and news to gauge what could move currencies. A geopolitical event which is having a great impact on GBP, is the election of Boris Johnson as UK prime minister, driving the local currency to 2 years low, yesterday 29th of July 2019. Therefore, when investors observe instability from a nation political environment, there are high chances that the currency of that country will depreciate.

Why Trading Forex

Beside swapping from a gold standard to free-floating, which change the whole forex trading game, technology is another crucial factor that helped this financial sector to spread globally. With the introduction of internet in the 90s forex opened to retail investors giving access to various trading platforms. The introduction of online platforms and retail investments have increased forex market volume by 5%, up to $250bn of its daily turnover. Different traders may have different reasons for selecting forex, however, mostly is because this is a fertile market plenty of daily opportunities to gauge price action and profit from it.

Volatility

How traders profit from trading forex? Basics of trading are rather simple to understand. An investor buys an asset at a certain price hoping to get rid of it for a higher price. The more volatile is the market for that specific financial instrument, the more revenue is possible to make. Therefore, a trader is looking for long up and down moves rather than market fluctuating sideways.
Volatility is great in forex and a trader can expect to regularly see prices oscillating 50-100 pips on major currency pairs almost any day of the week. Yet again, due to this enormous constant fluctuation, potential losses or gains can be very high thus, rigours money management must be applied to avoid major damages and become a profitable trader. To conclude, volatility is the main characteristic investors are looking at and that is why it is one of the main feature traders can take advantage.
See image below:

Figure 2: FDAX Volatility, H4 (30th May 2019, 16:00, 30th July 2019, 16:00)

Accessibility & Technology

While volatility is the most important element out in the market that tell us why forex is the best market to trade, accessibility comes straight after. This market is more accessible than all the others, trading forex requires an online desk position and as little as $100 to start off an account.
In comparison with the other financial markets, forex requires a rather low trading capital. Moreover, trading forex can be easily accessible from your PC, tablet or mobile since most of retail broker firms operate online. Although, accessibility cannot tell the quality of the market by itself, it definitely shows a reason why many investors try their first trading experience on forex.
Also, the rapid introduction of technology since the 90s, made trading much easier. There are every year more advanced online platforms to trade on with many possible updates and that is why trading forex is edging for many global investors.

Forex Players

Before the introduction of free-floating currency and more importantly cutting hedge technology, forex was a market that could have been traded only by institutional investors. Nowadays however, even retail and individual investor can take advantage of the huge volume forex offers every day.
Banks
Interbank market is the major responsible for the high volume registered daily in forex. This is the place where banks exchange currency among each other, facilitating forex transactions for customers and speculate for their trading desks.
  • Clients transactions: in this case banks of all size act as dealer for clients, where the bid-ask spread represents the profit for the institutions.
  • Speculation: currencies are traded to profit from their price fluctuations as well as to increase diversification on their portfolio
Because banking institutions are the biggest players in foreign exchange market, they are able to push up and down the price of currencies giving an extreme advantage and higher volatility to individual traders who are trying to gauge price moves.
Central Banks
Central banks representing their nation’s government, are crucial in forex. They oversee monetary and fiscal policies having massive influence on currency rates. A central bank is responsible for fixing the price level of its native currency on the market, in other words they take care of the regime currencies will float in the open market.
  • Floating: these are the currencies which price floats on the open market based on principles of supply and demand relative to other currencies
  • Pegged (fixed exchange rate): opposite to floating currencies pegged ones are not free-floating in the open market however, their government rather tie them to the value of a stronger foreign currency. Pegged currencies are more seen in developing countries (CYN to USD).
Because central banks manage interest rates in order to increase the competitiveness of their native nation to another.
  • Dovish: these policies will be lowering down interest rates. A central bank which applies dovish conditions aims to give economic stimulus and guard against deflation. Usually a policy intended to give economy stimulus will weakening the currency value.
  • Hawkish: on the other hand, hawkish policies lead to an increase in interest rate. A central bank that uses hawkish measures aims to reduce inflation. Typically, this kind of policies will reinforce the country currency value.
Investment Managers & Hedge Funds
Portfolio managers and hedge funds are the second investors in forex after central and investment banks. They are hired by huge institutions such as pension to manage their assets. However while portfolio managers of pool funds will buy currency to speculate on foreign securities, hedge funds execute speculative trades as part of their strategies.
Corporations
Also international corporation play a big role in forex. Those firms operating globally, buying and selling goods and services are involved in forex transactions daily. Imagine an American company producing pipes that imports Japanese components and sell the finished product to China. After the sale is closed the CYN must be converted back to USD, while the American company must exchange USD into JPY to repay for the components supply.
Moreover, company involved in international trade have an interest in forex in order to hedge the risk associated with currencies fluctuations making several foreign exchange transactions. For instance, the same American company might buy JPY at spot rate, or enter a swap agreement to obtain JPY in advance, overtaking the risk of the Japanese currency to rise in the future. Therefore, forex become crucial to run companies with many subsidiaries and suppliers all over the word.
Individual & Retail Investors
Even though this investor cluster brings to forex a very limited volume compared to financial institutions and corporations, it is rapidly growing in numbers and popularity. These base their trades on a mixture of fundamentals and technical analysis.
Bottom line, main reason why forex is the most traded market in the world is because gives everyone, from top financial institutions to retail and individual trades, opportunities to make returns on capital invested from currencies price fluctuations related to global economy.
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What Is a Pip?

Pip stands for percentage in point and is the smallest increment of trade in FX. In the FX market, prices are quoted to the fourth decimal point. For example, if a bar of soap in the drugstore was priced at $1.20, in the FX market the same bar of soap would be quoted at 1.2000. The change in that fourth decimal point is called 1 pip and is typically equal to 1/100th of 1%. Among the major currencies, the only exception to that rule is the Japanese yen. One dollar is worth approximately 100 Japanese yen; so, in the USD/JPY pair, the quotation is only taken out to two decimal points (i.e., to 1/100th of yen, as opposed to 1/1000th with other major currencies).
Forex
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Roughly 2 years after creating a company in China at my kitchen table, we’ve pivoted, tripled our staff and opened new offices. We’re changing the way e-commerce manufacturers import from China. Here’s how I did it.

I started a sourcing company that focuses on helping e-commerce sellers get products manufactured. Selling on Amazon is a popular topic these days, but I want to focus on the growth of my business and how we got where we are today.
I love reading about the growth of companies, both small and large. So here is me giving back.
Ask whatever questions you want, I’ll try to be as open as possible.
TL;DR My progress in building a company where I can act as an operator and not a micromanager
The Beginning
22 months ago I updated /entrepreneur of my minor progress in quitting my job at a product development company where I set out to help businesses get products manufactured from China.
You can read about it here: 14 Days in, and what started as an idea, is becoming a global business.
After starting the company and hiring a small Chinese staff working out of my apartment, in Shenzhen, China, we began getting a lot of clients by word of mouth and basic networking. The business model was simple, we act as the eyes, ears and boots on the ground in China for our customers. Our customers ranged from medium and large scale Amazon/eBay sellers, to brands that you can find in Wal Mart, Bed Bath & Beyond, Tesco and Target.
Our profit margins were pretty good, because we were acting as the middle man and paying factories with our clients money, our revenue was much higher than our profit. But our risk was minimal as we were never holding inventory. It wasn’t before long before where we had multiple millions of dollars in sales, which looked nice, but our profit margins only ranged from about 1% - 10% per order.
I realized we needed to scale, as my goal was to create a company, bring in talented operators and oversee operations without having to micromanage.
Trying to Scale Attempt 1:
Traditionally, Chinese companies scale via internal growth. The more employees you have, the bigger and more profitable you are. Our competitors have teams of 100+ people working in single offices. I don’t like this idea. Too much management, too messy and the overhead is too high. I tried to switch my clients over to a recurring revenue model. Nobody was biting. We tried to increase our profit, but the market was too competitive. The only possible option I saw to grow was to add a sales team and add more sourcing agents. - Again, an idea I did not love.
Trying to Scale Attempt 2:
China works based on scale. The higher the order quantity, the better it is for everyone. Because of this, we would often get weekly requests from small quantity e-commerce sellers who we’d constantly turn away because their order sizes were too small, and the work wasn’t worth the reward. I never liked turning people away. I had a client come back to me and tell me that there are no services out there who understand the business model of an e-commerce seller.
I decided I was going to find a way to help these types of e-commerce sellers.
A serious gap in this industry was identified. The only services out there for e-commerce sellers were training courses teaching new sellers how to make millions on Amazon. These were just courses, nothing different from the affiliate marketing, forex trading, work from home courses that new age entrepreneurs are seen creating as a way to earn a quick buck. Sure, some of this stuff was helpful, but there are still a ton of people out there who were actively selling online, they’ve surpassed the beginner mark and they are struggling to grow their business and deal with China at the same time. Having identified that group, our target customer was created.
The Problem:
We know that manufacturing works based on scale. So the larger the order, the lower the price, the greater the profit. Accepting to work with small sized importers was too dangerous in the existing model of sourcing suppliers, offering product quotations and hoping the client bites. There is way too much work involved just to offer a quotation, and hope the client was serious enough to place the order.
The Pivot:
We created a new service, outside of our existing website where the goal was to guide importers through the entire process of working with China. We’d act as the project manager, offering our purchasing office and resources in China in an outsourced model where we’d become a part of our clients company. We built an a la carte menu and offered our existing services to anyone who wanted them in a buy it now, productized fashion. They could purchase a sourcing service where we’d provide them with a list of qualified suppliers for a product they wanted to manufacture. They could purchase our negotiation service where we would negotiate for 8 days on their behalf. Clients could even have multiple samples shipped to our office in China, and we document them and ship them all together to them, saving them hundreds of dollars in shipping fees.
This service took off! We got tons of orders as a lot of people began talking about us on various forums and groups. But apparently this was not good enough. Everyone said, can you guys just do everything for us?
At this point, I had hired some marketing consultants and had close friends following what I was doing. Almost everyone was telling me to just create a full package and offer everything. I was reluctant at first, I told them all it would never work, there were too many unknown variables.
Eventually I caved it. I stayed up for 48 straight hours planning the restructuring of the entire business model. Previously, we were using Chinese sourcing agent who we’d train and have them work from home to source suppliers for these e-commerce clients. This process was great, as the overhead was much smaller, but it was not super reliable.
I stuck with the idea and built a service where clients could come to us with their product idea, we’d give them an idea of its feasibility, cost, etc. and then we’d get moving acting as their purchasing office. Total transparency. The client would know who the factory is, something most sourcing companies keep as a close secret. The goal was, for the client would be in the loop with everything, but would rely on a single representative at our company to handle all aspects in China for them.
The Marketing:
We built a list of 300 email subscribers we found via three Facebook groups. These 300 people were going to be our beta testers. We started a drip series email campaign that would educate them about the pitfalls when dealing with China, scare them of the risks, and sell them on our service. The day to launch was near. We were hoping for a 3% conversion rate from this list. That would have been enough for us to validate the new service and let us know whether or not to continue down the road of offering a service to this type of importer.
Five days after the launch our conversion rate from the drip campaign was roughly 30%. We were not equipped to handle that amount of sales. Frantic, I shut down the site, emailed all customers and informed them our site is down so we can focus on their orders.
In the weeks to come, I transitioned from half of our sourcing staff working from home, to a full staff in our office. Then we began interviewing and hiring like crazy. Brought three new sourcing agents on, left our small office and rented a new office which provided us more room to grow.
Rebuilding:
Once the shock wore off, reality began setting in. This idea was not only validated, the problem was not demand, it was supply. The past couple of months we’ve been building training programs, adding a management team and structuring our company to fit the mold of my original goal, operating and not micro managing.
Now, I have two strong managers. One manages the sourcing team and the other manages the account reps. We were able to build team leaders who are responsible for solving day to day problems, leaving me to focus on growth. All work is based on metrics, each employee is graded on their work, and the bonus structure is set up according to the monthly performance metrics.
We have a lot planned in the near future. It is definitely exciting to be paving the way in an age old industry with a modern approach. We are starting to see competition, and as an MVP in an arena of this size, that is to be expected. Our main focus is on continuing to strengthen our core, come out with new services and make sure all of our early clients are heard and their problems get solved. We’ve been approached by some pretty large companies both in our industry and outside interested in investing in us. I am still the sole owner and we’ve yet to take a single investment. That time may come, but I am going to be picky with who we choose.
It is an exciting time for us, we’re not perfect by any means, I 100% work by the philosophy where you need to be ashamed of your initial launches and attempts, anything you’re not ashamed of, you took too long to release.
I purposely left out our company name as I’d love to focus on the business growth, and I’m not interested in plugging anything at this time.
Some things we’re working on now:
submitted by archer48 to Entrepreneur [link] [comments]

Why doesn't the US get ECN brokers?

From investopedia "What is an 'ECN Broker' An ECN broker is a forex financial expert who uses electronic communications networks (ECNs) to provide its clients direct access to other participants in the currency markets. Because an ECN broker consolidates price quotations from several market participants, it can generally offer its clients tighter bid/ask spreads than would be otherwise available to them." .3-.5 spreads and sometimes even .1
submitted by hisurfing to Forex [link] [comments]

Forex Motivational Quotes Top 13 Motivational Forex Quotes: Global Currenciez Currency Pairs and Quotations in Forex Trading  Explained ... Exchange Rates (Forex - Direct & Indirect Quotes)  CA ...

Therefore any Forex quotation can be interpreted in different ways based on the type of quotation that is being provided, where it is being provided and various other market conventions and norms! Previous Article: Next Article Authorship/Referencing - About the Author(s) The article is Written By “Prachi Juneja” and Reviewed By Management Study Guide Content Team. MSG Content Team ... Forex quotes and prices of US Dollar, British Pound, Canadian Dollar, Japanese Yen, Swiss Franc and other Currencies. Live realtime forex currency rates, major indices, commodities, bonds, futures and more, courtesy of Forexlive. Realtime in your browser. Forex Quotation is the price of the unit of currency denominated in another currency. In other words, it is the difference in the price of two currencies used for financial transactions in the foreign exchange market. Quote plays an important role in the opening position. For example, if a market participant wants to buy the base currency, provided in the quotation, he will wait for an ... By now you will know that Forex trading (or foreign exchange trading) is performed by trading currency pairs.The prices of these pairs are known as quotes or quotations.However, there are also direct and indirect Forex quotes. Being able to understand quotes is useful for all traders, as it enables them to increase their knowledge of the Forex market, and possibly establish a career in foreign ... Formation of Forex quotes . When it comes to the Forex market, first of all global interbank market is meant, where bank entities serve as the main source of Forex quotes. All the rest market participants only transmit these Forex quotes. Formation of Forex quotes requires specialized modern technical means such as trading terminals.Communication is implemented via the Internet, sometimes ... Forex Quotes from TradingCharts. Symbol Bid Ask High Low Open Change Time; Major US Dollar Euro British Pound Swiss Franc Japanese Yen Canadian Australian Favorites Manage Fav. ECONOMIC CALENDAR. Fri., Nov 13. USD: 08:30 AM: PPI (M-o-M) USD: 08:30 AM: PPI (Y-o-Y) PLN: 09:00 AM: Capital Account Balance - BoP: PLN: 09:00 AM: Financial Account Balance - BoP: PLN: 09:00 AM: Current Account Balance ...

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Forex Motivational Quotes

https://globalcurrenciez.com Forex motivation is important for maintaining consistent efforts in the most brutal financial market in the world. These 13 quotes from successful millionaire and ... In forex you have to buy and sell currencies to make a profit in it. Normally whenever we exchange our currency for another currency we buy one currency and ... LIVE LIFE TO THE FULLEST Jim Rohn - Powerful Motivational speech 2020 (Jim Rohn Motivation) - Duration: 13:36. HEN'Motivation Recommended for you We simplify your financial learnings. Subscribe here to learn more of Strategic Financial Management: https://goo.gl/HTY5SN CA Final SFM Fast Track Course:...

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